The current e-learning system features two types of learning categories: asynchronous and synchronous. Both types of learning categories have their particular benefits and weaknesses.
The right technique for students depends on how they are absorbing the material provided.
Synchronized Learning consists of techniques like video-conferencing and online chat. Synchronous learning refers to any tools that operate in real time like instant messaging where trainer and employee or teacher and student can ask and reply to questions instantaneously. In this system, students are able to interact with fellow students and teacher while the lesson is going on. Employees can interact with trainers and colleagues during a training session.
The main advantage with synchronized learning is that it avoids feelings of isolation of student while pursuing an e-learning course. They are communicating with others all along the course and proceeds by instructor led online courses. But synchronized learning lacks flexibility as students or employees have to keep aside a time slot to devote to a live session of training or real time online course. So this type of e-learning may not suit those with busy lifestyle.
This can be carried out whether employee and trainer or student and teacher are offline. Coursework and any communication can be delivered by messages posted on social networking sites, e-mail etc. In synchronous learning, employees will complete training programs on their own and rely on online courses as only a support instead of depending solely on interactive classes.
In this type of learning, employees and students can follow the training or curriculum according to their own speed, without having to worry about uncomfortable schedules. This is ideal for those seeking to complete training modules, taking their own time and would prefer to do research by themselves.
But those who are not self-motivated may not find asynchronous learning useful. This type of learning may also lead to feelings of isolation as the educational or training environment is not interactive.
In the ideal scenario, efficient e-learning courses must include both synchronous and asynchronous elements. This enables employees and students as well as teachers and trainers to benefit from the two types of e-learning. They can suit all learning methods and schedules.